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Delaware Department of Justice
Attorney General
Kathy Jennings

20-IB07 2/24/2020 FOIA Opinion Letter to Mr. Kohl Harrington re: FOIA Complaint Concerning the Delaware Department of Agriculture

PRINT VERSION: Attorney General Opinion No. 20-IB07


Attorney General Opinion No. 20-IB07

February 24, 2020


Mr. Kohl Harrington
29201 Heathercliff Rd. #1205
Malibu, CA 90265


RE:     FOIA Petition Regarding the Delaware Department of Agriculture


Dear Mr. Harrington:

We write in response to your correspondence alleging that the Delaware Department of Agriculture (“DDA”) violated the Delaware Freedom of Information Act, 29 Del. C. §§ 10001-10007 (“FOIA”).  We treat your correspondence as a Petition for a determination pursuant to 29 Del. C. § 10005(e) regarding whether a violation of FOIA has occurred or is about to occur with regard to your records requests.  For the reasons set forth below, we conclude that the DDA has not violated FOIA as alleged in your Petition.



On January 6, 2020, you submitted two FOIA requests to the DDA indicating your mailing address in California.  The first request sought all email records of a certain DDA employee for the month of November 2019 pertaining to the keyword, AAFCO; the second request sought a digital record showing all FOIA requests received and processed by the DDA from January 1, 2019 to November 30, 2019.   The DDA denied both requests on January 27, 2020, stating “[y]ou do not appear to be a Delaware citizen, therefore you do not appear to have the right to demand access to public records under FOIA.”[1]  This Petition followed, challenging the DDA’s denial as improper.  You allege that your website educates consumers and retailers in Delaware, and as the DDA “participates in interstate commerce lawmaking functions behind closed doors and with the active participation of corporations they’re supposed to regulate, the information [you are] requesting only helps provide transparency for citizens who are at stake.”[2]



One primary goal of Delaware’s FOIA statute is to grant citizens access to public records.[3]  Consistent with McBurney v. Young,[4] our Office interprets Delaware’s FOIA statute to apply to Delaware citizens only, thereby permitting a public body to deny a FOIA request solely because it is submitted by a non-citizen of Delaware.[5]  The only evidence you submitted into the record indicates that you are not a citizen of the State of Delaware.



Accordingly, it is our determination that the DDA has not violated FOIA as alleged. [6]


Very truly yours,

/s/ Alexander S. Mackler
Alexander S. Mackler
Chief Deputy Attorney General


Andrew Kerber, Deputy Attorney General
Dorey Cole, Deputy Attorney General

[1]           Petition.


[2]           Id.


[3]           See 29 Del. C. §§ 10001, 10003(a).


[4]           569 U.S. 221 (2013) (determining that Virginia’s citizens-only FOIA statute does not violate the Privileges and Immunities Clause or the dormant Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution).


[5]           See Del. Op. Att’y Gen. 18-IB54, 2018 WL 6591819, at *2 (Dec. 5, 2018); Del. Op. Att’y Gen. 18-IB50, 2018 WL 6015765, at *2 (Oct. 12, 2018); Del. Op. Att’y Gen. 18-IB18, 2018 WL 2267112, at *1 (Apr. 6, 2018); Del. Op. Att’y Gen. 17-IB14, 2017 WL 3426252, at *1 (July 6, 2017); Del. Op. Att’y Gen. 16-IB20, 2016 WL 5888776, at *2-6 (Sept. 30, 2016).


[6]           While we have decided to issue a determination regarding the merits of your claim, we feel compelled to note that you may lack standing to avail yourself of the enforcement provisions contained in 29 Del. C. § 10005, including the petition process set forth in Section 10005(e).

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